Notes to Chapter 1
- Confessions, Book XI.14. Augustine (1912), p. 239.
- The View from Nowhere is Nagel's 1986 book.
- See Williams (1951), Smart (1955, 1963), Grünbaum (1973),
and Mellor (1981), for example.
- A good recent discussion of these issues, with some references
to earlier work, is that of Horwich (1987), pp. 33--36.
- See Davies (1974), p. 176, (1995), pp. 208--13, and Sachs
- As we shall see, a good case can be made for the view that the
basic puzzle lies in cosmology---in particular, in the question
why the universe had very low entropy, early in its history. It
has been suggested that the asymmetry of the neutral kaon can help
with other cosmological puzzles, such as why there seems to be
more matter than antimatter in the universe---see Davies (1995),
p. 213, for example---but the issue of a possible connection with
the low-entropy start remains unclear.
- Il Saggiotore, from a passage quoted by E. A. Burtt
(1954), p. 85. Similar thoughts had been voiced much earlier.
Democritus is said to have held that reality is simply a matter of
"atoms and the void," and that all else is "by convention." But as
Burtt emphasizes, Galileo's version of the doctrine introduces a
new distinction between the objective realm of concern to
mathematical science, on the one hand, and the subjective realm of
the secondary qualities, on the other: "In the course of
translating this distinction of primary and secondary into terms
suited to the new mathematical interpretation of nature, we have
the first stage in the reading of man quite out of the real and
primary realm" (Burtt 1954, p. 89, italics in the original).
- This is envisaged in a number of contemporary cosmological